Coffee Brewing

Piccolo Latte

The Piccolo Latte: A Petite Espresso Drink with Maximum Flavour

The piccolo latte, sometimes called the piccolo coffee, is a small milk coffee drink that packs a powerful espresso punch. This dainty cup of coffee may be miniature in size, but it’s maximum in taste.

What is a Piccolo Latte?

A piccolo latte is a ristretto shot of espresso combined with warm, frothy milk served in a small glass – usually a 3-3.5 ounce (90-100 ml) size. It’s closely related to the cappuccino and flat white, but contains less milk, resulting in a more concentrated espresso flavour.

The word “piccolo” means small in Italian. So the name suits this little coffee well. The standard recipe for a piccolo latte is:

  • 1 ristretto shot of espresso (15-30ml)
  • 2oz steamed milk (60ml)

This produces a strong, milky coffee sip that’s perfect for espresso lovers. It can be enjoyed as-is or embellished with foamed milk art.

A Brief History of the Piccolo Latte

The origins of the piccolo latte are obscure. It doesn’t have the long history of drinks like the espresso or cappuccino. But it seems to have emerged as part of the third wave coffee movement in the 1990s.

Along with prizing high quality beans and artisanal preparation, third wave coffee houses introduced smaller drink sizes. The traditional 8oz cappuccino suddenly seemed gargantuan. So baristas began experimenting with micro versions of espresso-based drinks.

The piccolo – an espresso shot topped with a dash of warm, silky steamed milk – was born. It quickly became popular with espresso drinkers who wanted an undiluted, robust coffee experience in a petite serving.

Though it’s still not as mainstream as some espresso drinks, the piccolo latte has developed a cult following in specialty coffee shops. Its fans love that it delivers a mighty espresso hit in a perfectly portioned size.

specialty coffee shop
Specialty Coffee Shop

How to Make a Piccolo Latte

One of the appeals is that it’s easy to make one yourself. With just an espresso machine, milk, and a small glass, you can enjoy cafe-quality piccolo lattes at home.

Here’s a simple recipe:


  • 1 ristretto shot of espresso (about 1 oz or 30ml)
  • 2-3 oz of steamed milk (60-90ml)


  1. Pull a ristretto shot of espresso. This smaller, concentrated espresso has more body and less bitterness than a regular shot.
  2. Steam 2-3 oz of milk until hot and frothy. Avoid overheating the milk, which can cause a burnt flavour.
  3. Pour the ristretto shot into a small glass or cup. Top with the hot, foamy steamed milk.
  4. Add a sprinkle of cocoa powder or cinnamon if desired.

Tips for making an awesome piccolo latte:

  • Use freshly ground coffee beans and an espresso roast for a robust, flavourful ristretto shot.
  • Choose whole milk for a creamy, velvety texture and full milk flavour.
  • Steam the milk to create a microfoam layer. This makes the drink smooth and allows for latte art.
  • Pour and serve the piccolo immediately so the espresso doesn’t lose heat or go bitter.

The Piccolo Latte vs. Other Espresso Drinks

The petite piccolo latte has some similarities to other espresso and milk combos like cappuccinos and flat whites. But there are some key differences that give it its own identity:

Piccolo Latte vs. Cappuccino

A cappuccino is larger, with a 1:1 to 1:2 espresso to milk ratio. Piccolo lattes contain much less milk for a stronger, espresso-focused taste. Caps also use foamed milk while piccolos use silky steamed milk.

Piccolo Latte vs. Cortado

Like piccolo lattes, cortados are made with a double ristretto shot and a dash of warm milk. But cortados use nearly equal parts espresso and milk for a more balanced flavour. Piccolos emphasise the espresso with just a hint of milk.

Piccolo Latte vs. Flat White

Flat whites consist of a double ristretto shot topped with silky microfoam milk. But they contain more milk than a piccolo latte. Flat whites also have a thin layer of cascading foam, unlike piccolo lattes.

Piccolo Latte vs. Gibraltar

A Gibraltar is another close cousin, made with a cortado ratio of 1:1 espresso to steamed milk. But it’s served in a taller glass, like a cortado. Piccolo lattes use more espresso and less milk than Gibraltars and cortados.

Piccolo Latte vs. Espresso Macchiato

An espresso macchiato is an espresso “marked” with just a dollop of foamed milk – about a teaspoon. Piccolo lattes contain considerably more milk to temper the espresso’s intensity.

The Perfect Size for Espresso Obsessed Drinkers

One of the piccolo latte’s prime advantages is its petite serving size. The standard 3-4 ounce glass makes it ideal for:

  • Espresso fans – The strong ristretto gives you intense espresso flavour in a small but satisfying serving.
  • Milk skeptics – If you find the milkiness of cappuccinos overwhelming, the piccolo latte allows you to savour the ristretto with barely any dilution.
  • Dieters – With negligible calories and just caffeine enough to give you a lift, piccolo lattes can be part of a healthy routine.
  • Quick coffee breaks – The small size makes piccolo lattes easy to drink while on the run or during a short break at work. No need to gulp!
  • Price conscious coffee drinkers – You can get your espresso fix without dropping big money on a larger drink or committing to endless refills.

For all these reasons, the petitely proportioned piccolo latte has become a favourite among espresso drinkers around the world. It lets you appreciate the pleasures of a well-crafted espresso in a few small sips.

Tips for Ordering a Piccolo Latte at Cafes

Since it’s not as universally known as some espresso drinks, ordering a piccolo latte takes a bit of finesse. Here are some tips to get it right:

  • Know the size – Request a piccolo latte served in a 3-4 oz cup or glass. Larger than that becomes a different drink.
  • Ask for the ratio – Specify that you want a single ristretto shot with 2-3 oz of steamed milk. This helps ensure you don’t end up with a larger cortado or Gibraltar.
  • Feel free to customise – Add flavours like vanilla, caramel or pumpkin spice. Or ask for alternative milks like oat or almond.
  • Drink it fresh – Since piccolo lattes are small, they lose heat quickly. Drink them within 5-10 minutes for the best temperature and flavour.
  • Sip slowly…then order a refill! Piccolos encourage you to sip slowly and savour the complex ristretto flavour’s. Enjoy every last drop, then order a second if you want more.

Fun Ways to Switch Up Your Piccolo Latte

While traditional piccolo lattes keep it simple – just espresso and steamed milk – there are many ways to customise them:

  • Alternative milks – Try almond, oat or soy milk for a dairy-free piccolo. Coconut milk adds thickness and subtle sweetness.
  • Flavoured syrups – A pump of vanilla, caramel or hazelnut syrup enhances the sweetness.
  • Spiced – Add a dash of cinnamon, nutmeg or cardamom to give your piccolo a warming spice kick.
  • Iced – Pour your hot piccolo latte over ice for a chilled summer drink. Adjust the milk to 1:1 ratio to prevent dilution.
  • Mocha – Mix in a spoonful of chocolate sauce or cocoa powder for a mocha twist.
  • Macchiato style – Request just a dollop of foamed milk on top instead of silky steamed milk for contrast.
  • Affogato – For dessert, pour a hot espresso shot over a small scoop of vanilla gelato or ice cream.

How to Achieve Piccolo Latte Perfection

Piccolo Latte
Piccolo Latte

Crafting the perfect piccolo latte is both a science and an art. Follow these expert tips:

  • Pull it right – Freshly ground beans and an exact double ristretto shot are essential. Time the shot for a balanced, extraction.
  • Select your milk – Whole milk makes the creamiest, fullest bodied piccolo. But non-dairy milks can also create delicious textures.
  • Steam it up – Swirl the steam wand tip just below the milk’s surface. Steam until hot and frothy, but not bubbly.
  • Pour with precision – Pour a slow, steady stream of milk down the inside edge of the cup to preserve the crema.
  • Master the milk ratio – Nail the ideal espresso to milk balance. Too much milk overpowers the ristretto.
  • Serve it ASAP – The fresh espresso flavours shine when served immediately. Letting it sit dulls the tastes.
  • Sip and enjoy! – Drink slowly, without additions, to appreciate the piccolo latte’s bold yet refined medley.

The Bottom Line on Ordering and Sipping Piccolo Lattes

The elegantly petite piccolo latte has become a menu staple at high-end coffee houses. But it still flies under the radar for many coffee shop patrons. Now that you know what makes this mini milk coffee so special, you can start enjoying its pleasures.

Savour its intense espresso flavour, admirable restraint in size and smooth melding of bold ristretto with silky steamed milk. Piccolo lattes demonstrate that exquisite things can come in small packages. So next time you’re at your favourite cafe, confidently order the drink in 3 ounces of perfection – then Blissfully sip your piccolo latte.

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Moka Pot

Moka Pot: Exploring the History of this Iconic Brewer

The Invention of the Moka Pot

The Moka Pot was invented by Alfonso Bialetti in 1933 as a straightforward stovetop coffee maker. Its three-chamber structure includes a bottom chamber that holds water, a middle basket for ground coffee, and an upper chamber that collects the brewed coffee. Despite its simplicity, it has been an effective design that has remained mostly unchanged since its inception.

Moka Pot Brewing

The Moka Pot operates by heating the bottom chamber filled with water, causing steam pressure that drives the water through the middle chamber’s coffee grounds and into the upper chamber for collection as coffee. This approach yields a robust and rich coffee flavour that is distinct from espresso but falls between espresso and filter coffee, requiring no costly coffee machine.

Popularity and Cultural Significance

It rapidly gained popularity throughout Italy and Europe during the 1930s and 1940s, and it has remained a household staple ever since. It has also become a popular coffee-making method in Latin America and the Middle East. One of the reasons for its success is its ability to produce a robust and rich coffee while remaining convenient and affordable for most coffee drinkers. In Rome, coffee shops frequently provide Moka Pots for customers who want to relish a full-bodied coffee.

Moka Pot Components
Moka Pot Components

The Bialetti Legacy

In the early 1930s, Alfonso Bialetti started producing these coffee makers in his Italian factory after inventing them. His design was influenced by a similar coffee maker patented by Luigi de Ponte, but Bialetti made numerous modifications to the design, including the addition of a pressure release valve, which improved safety. Bialetti’s design promptly became the the standard, his company, Bialetti Industries, has since become one of the top manufacturers of Moka Pots.

The Moka Pot’s Iconic Design

During the 1940s, Alfonso Bialetti’s son, Renato Bialetti, assumed control of the company and introduced the iconic little moustachioed man, named Amino Bialetti, to the pot. This design became a cultural symbol, and you can still see this figure imprinted on every Bialetti Moka Pot today.

Characteristics and Dimensions

These coffee makers come in different sizes and shapes to accommodate different amounts of coffee and personal preferences. The most common sizes are 1 cup, 3 cups, 6 cups, and 9 cups.

The capacity is determined by the size of the bottom chamber, where the water is added. The overall dimensions will vary based on the size and shape of the pot, but the basic design remains the same. Moka Pots typically have a wide bottom and a narrow top, with a handle on one side and a spout on the other.

The handle is usually made of heat-resistant material to prevent burns. It’s also important to note that the size does not determine the strength of the coffee; the amount of coffee used and the brewing time will have the most significant impact on the strength of the coffee.

Bialetti Moka Pot

Do Moka Pots Explode?

While it is rare for them to explode, it is important to use them correctly to avoid accidents. Overfilling the bottom chamber with water, using too much coffee, and not properly securing the top chamber can cause pressure to build up, potentially leading to an explosion.

It is important to use the correct amount of water and coffee, and to make sure the top chamber is securely screwed onto the bottom chamber before placing it on the stove. It is also important to monitor it while it is on the stove to avoid overheating.

Following these guidelines should help prevent accidents and ensure a safe and enjoyable coffee experience.

How To Know When The Moka Pot Has Finished Brewing

To know when it has finished brewing, you can listen for a gurgling sound. This sound indicates that all the water in the bottom chamber has been pushed through the coffee grounds and into the top chamber. Once the gurgling sound stops, it’s usually a sign that the brewing process is complete.

Another way to tell is by observing the colour of the coffee in the top chamber. When it has turned a light brown colour, it’s usually a good indication that the coffee is ready to be poured. However, it’s important to use caution when handling, as it can still be hot even after the brewing process is complete.

How Long Will A Moka Pot Last?

The lifespan can vary depending on the quality of materials used, the frequency of use, and how well it is maintained. With proper care, a well-made Moka Pot can last for many years, if not decades.

The aluminium ones tend to have a shorter lifespan due to the nature of the material, but they can still last for several years. On the other hand, stainless steel ones are more durable and resistant to rust, which can extend their lifespan. Regardless of the material, regular cleaning, proper use, and maintenance can help to prolong the life.

How To Clean A Moka Pot

Cleaning is a simple process. First, allow the pot to cool completely before disassembling it. Then, remove the coffee grounds and rinse each part with warm water, taking care to remove any stubborn stains.

Avoid using soap or harsh detergents, as this can leave a residue that affects the taste of future batches of coffee. For tough stains or build-up, mix a solution of equal parts water and vinegar and allow the parts to soak for a few hours before rinsing thoroughly. Finally, allow the pot to air dry completely before reassembling and using again.

A Symbol of Italian Culture

The Moka Pot has held a significant position in Italian culture. It occupies a distinct spot in Italian homes, and it’s not just a coffee maker; it symbolises their passion for coffee. It has also been a part of their daily routine, a way to initiate the day, socialise, and bond with loved ones. When coffee lovers visit Rome, they frequently experience a cup of coffee made with a Moka Pot at local coffee shops.

Stove Top Coffee Maker
Stove Top Coffee Maker

Moka Pot Materials

The material it is made from is also a significant aspect to consider. It is available in two materials, aluminium and stainless steel, each having its own distinct features and benefits. Aluminium Moka Pots are lightweight, heat up rapidly, and are more affordable. Meanwhile, stainless steel Moka Pots are more long-lasting, and they resist rust. The decision to choose between these two materials ultimately depends on personal preference and the intended usage.

It is worth mentioning that aluminium ones are not suitable for use on induction stove tops, whereas stainless steel ones can be used on any type of stove top.

Enduring Appeal

The Moka Pot remains a beloved classic for coffee drinkers who enjoy a strong and full-bodied coffee without the need for an expensive machine. Its simple yet effective design, along with its affordability and convenience, has made it a staple in households across the globe. The Moka Pot has a special place in Italian culture, serving not only as a coffee maker but also as a symbol of their love for coffee and a daily ritual for socialising with family and friends. With its availability in both aluminium and stainless steel and its compatibility with various stove top types, the Moka Pot is a versatile and practical choice for any coffee lover.

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Pour Over Coffee

V60 Coffee: The Ultimate Beginner’s Guide

v60 coffee is a manual brewing method that involves pouring hot water over coffee grounds in a filter. This method is also known as manual drip brewing or filter brewing. The v60 coffee method allows for a higher degree of control over the brewing process, resulting in a cup of coffee with a distinct flavour and aroma.

By controlling the water temperature, the pour rate, and the contact time between the water and coffee, you can fine-tune the extraction and brew a cup that suits your taste preferences.

v60 coffee
v60 coffee

The v60 coffee method of brewing has gained popularity in recent years among coffee drinkers and professional baristas alike, as it allows for a greater level of precision in extracting the full flavour potential of the beans. It also offers a level of simplicity and elegance that is hard to match by other brewing methods.

v60 Brewing: What Equipment Do You Need?

In order to brew v60 coffee, you will need a v60 coffee maker, coffee beans, a grinder, a kettle, and a scale. The v60 coffee maker, also known as a dripper, is the main equipment in this brewing method. It can be a simple cone or a more complex device, such as a Hario V60 or a Chemex. These devices can be made of ceramic, glass, plastic, or stainless steel, and each material has its own properties that affect the taste and aesthetics of the final brew.

Choosing The Right v60 Coffee Maker For You

The key is to choose a v60 coffee maker that fits your needs and budget. Consider factors such as the size of the carafe, the material of the filter, and the size of the brewing bed. Some pour over coffee makers come with a built-in filter, while others require a separate paper or metal filter. The size of the brewing bed will affect the contact time between the coffee and water, and therefore the extraction.

Brewing Coffee While Camping
Brewing Coffee While Camping

Additionally, it’s important to use a kettle that allows for precise temperature control, such as a goose neck kettle, which is specifically designed for v60 coffee brewing. A goose neck kettle allows you to pour the water in a slow and steady stream, which is crucial for achieving the right extraction. 

A scale is also important for precise measurement of coffee and water. This will help you to achieve the right coffee to water ratio, which is crucial for a balanced cup of coffee.

A good grinder that can produce a consistent grind size, is also important to achieve a perfect cup of coffee. Burr grinders are considered the best option for v60 coffee brewing, as they produce a consistent grind size and reduce the amount of heat produced during the grinding process.

It’s also important to consider durability and ease of cleaning when choosing your equipment. Make sure that the equipment you choose is easy to disassemble and clean.

Each of these elements will have a direct impact on the taste and quality of the final cup of coffee. It’s important to choose high-quality equipment that will last and make the brewing process enjoyable.

What Are The Best Coffee Beans For v60 Coffee?

Choosing the right coffee beans is crucial to brewing the perfect cup of v60 coffee. The beans you choose will greatly impact the taste of your coffee, so it’s important to select high-quality beans that are fresh and well-suited to your taste preferences.

Different types of coffee beans have unique flavour profiles. Arabica beans, for example, are known for their smooth, mild flavour and are considered to be higher quality than Robusta beans, which have a stronger and more intense flavour. Arabica beans are grown at higher altitudes, and are generally considered to be less bitter and more acidic, with a more delicate flavour profile. Robusta beans, on the other hand, are grown at lower altitudes and are known for their stronger and bolder flavour.

You can try different blends, origins and roasts to find the one that you like the most. Beans from different regions of the world have distinct flavour profiles, due to the variations in climate, soil and altitude.

Moreover, different roasts can also affect the flavour of the final cup of coffee. A light roast will produce a coffee that is lighter in body and acidity, while a dark roast will produce a coffee that is heavier in body and less acidic.

Ultimately, the choice of beans is a personal preference and it’s important to experiment with different types to find the perfect one for your taste. You can try different blends, origins and roasts to find the one that you like the most.

Grinding Coffee Beans For v60 Coffee

Grinding the beans is an important step in the brewing process, as it determines the size of the coffee grounds, which in turn affects the extraction and the final taste of the coffee. The grind size is crucial to the taste of your coffee.

A fine grind will extract more flavour and aroma, but it will also increase the risk of over-extraction, resulting in a bitter taste. A coarse grind will produce a less intense, but more balanced cup.

Coffee Grinder
Coffee Grinder

We recommend using a medium grind. This will allow the water to extract the full flavour and aroma of the coffee beans, while avoiding over-extraction. It’s also important to use a grinder that can produce a consistent grind size.

Burr grinders are considered the best option, as they reduce the amount of heat produced during the grinding process. Blade grinders, on the other hand, can produce uneven grinds, which can affect the final cup of coffee.

Additionally, it’s important to clean the grinder regularly, to avoid old coffee oils and residue affecting the taste of the final cup of coffee.

Brewing The Perfect Cup

How To Prepare v60 Coffee

Brewing the perfect cup of v60 coffee involves a combination of the right water temperature, the right coffee to water ratio, and the right brewing time. The ideal brewing temperature for v60 coffee is between 90 and 96 degrees Centigrade. Using water that is too hot or too cold can result in an under or over-extracted cup of coffee.

How Many Grams of Coffee Should I Use?

The coffee to water ratio is also important. A general rule of thumb is to use 1 gram of coffee for every 15 grams of water. However, this can be adjusted to suit your taste preferences.The brewing time will vary depending on the size of the brewing bed, the grind size and the pour rate.

How To Brew v60 Coffee

A general rule of thumb is to brew for 2-3 minutes. To start brewing, heat the water to the right temperature. Add the coffee to the v60 coffee maker and place it on the scale. Tare the scale and start the timer.

Pour a small amount of water over the coffee grounds to wet them and allow them to “bloom.” This will release trapped gases and improve the extraction. Once the blooming is complete, pour the rest of the water in a steady stream, trying to achieve an even extraction.

The Beauty of v60 Coffee

Brewing the perfect cup of v60 coffee requires practice and patience. It’s important to experiment with different brewing parameters, such as the water temperature, coffee to water ratio, and brewing time, to find the perfect combination for your taste preferences.

It’s also important to pay attention to the pour rate, as this can affect the extraction and the final cup of coffee. With practice and patience, you will be able to brew a delicious and consistent cup of v60 coffee every time.

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Italian Coffee: A Guide To Espresso’s History

Italian Coffee – An Introduction

The essence of coffee, espresso is a concentrated dose of all that’s great about this beloved drink. It demands attention, leaving an unforgettable impression on the palate. 

The history of espresso begins in 1901 in Italy, where the invention of the espresso machine brought about a revolution in the world of coffee, To fully appreciate the origins of espresso, it’s essential to explore the rich flavours of single-origin coffee that make each shot unique.

Gone were the days of the labour-intensive and time-consuming process of making a cup of coffee using a Moka Pot or other traditional methods in Italy. The espresso machine, with its innovative design, was able to brew a velvety shot in mere seconds, enabling speedy and efficient service for a large number of customers.

Prior to its invention, making a quality cup of coffee required skills, patience and time. But with the advent of the espresso machine, everything changed.

Italian Coffee
Manual Espresso Machine

Italian coffee has always been linked to luxury, sophistication and a zest for life, from the classic espresso bars of Italy to today’s modern cafes. Its rich, velvety texture and robust flavour have enchanted coffee fans everywhere, solidifying its place in coffee culture.

Italian Coffee Embodies The Best of Coffee

Espresso embodies the best of coffee, captivating and inspiring coffee lovers with its timeless charm, whether shared with friends or enjoyed in solitude. As its popularity soared, so did the evolution of the espresso machine.

Over the years, engineers and designers continually refined and improved the machine, incorporating advanced technologies and features for enhanced performance and convenience.

Espresso Machine
Espresso Machine

Today, tracing the history of Italian coffee and espresso reveals their vital role in the modern coffee experience, providing baristas the means to craft the perfect cup every time.

Espresso is more than just a beverage, it symbolises La Dolce Vita, the sweet life, embodying Italian coffee culture and spirit. Originating in Italy, espresso has now permeated the world, winning the hearts and imaginations of coffee drinkers everywhere.

The history of espresso is stepped in Italian heritage, from to its central role in the Italian coffee tradition. In Italy, espresso is a way of life, a cherished daily ritual enjoyed at every turn. From the bustling cafes of Rome to the picturesque pavement espresso bars of Milan, espresso is an integral part of Italian coffee culture and a tribute to life’s simple pleasures.

Espresso Cup
Espresso Cup

La Dolce Vita

Espresso embodies the very essence of Italian coffee culture, symbolising the country’s passion for quality, craftsmanship, and the good life. Whether savoured on its own or used as a base for other coffee drinks, espresso is a celebration of Italy’s rich coffee-making heritage and a representation of its unique cultural identity.

The spirit of La Dolce Vita is evident in every espresso, and it’s this essence that has made the drink so beloved and enduring. Whether enjoyed in Italy or across the globe, espresso will always embody the sweet life, a nod to the Italian impact on coffee culture, and a reminder of the simple joys that bring happiness to our lives.

The History of Espresso Machines

The history of espresso machines began in 1884, when Italian engineer Angelo Moriondo created a design. But it wasn’t until Luigi Bezzera developed a successful steam-driven version in 1901 that the machine started to gain some popularity.

Despite some initial success, the early model had limitations such as slow speed and weak, flavourless espresso.

Espresso Machine First Patent
First Espresso Patent

A major milestone in espresso history was achieved in 1927 with the invention of the electric espresso machine by Achille Gaggia. This new design was faster and more efficient, producing a high-quality espresso that exceeded the previous standard. Gaggia’s work paved the way for the modern espresso machine.

Espresso Cafe
Espresso Cafe

How Does An Espresso Machine Work?

Understanding the mechanics of an espresso machine can help you appreciate the art and science behind every perfect shot.

The Basic Components of an Espresso Machine

An espresso machine consists of several key components, including:

  • a water reservoir
  • a boiler or heat exchange system
  • a pump
  • a group head
  • a portafilter.

These components work in unison to deliver a pressurised shot of coffee with a distinct flavour and texture.

Heating the Water

  • The water reservoir stores the water used for brewing espresso and steaming milk.
  • This water is heated by a boiler or a heat exchange system.
  • In a single boiler system, water is heated to the desired temperature for both brewing and steaming.
  • In a heat exchange system, water is heated to a higher temperature for steaming, and a separate heat exchanger is used to lower the water temperature for brewing espresso.

Pressurising the Water

A pump pressurises the water, typically to a pressure of 9 bars, before sending it to the group head. This pressurised water is essential for extracting the full flavour and aroma from the finely ground coffee beans in the portafilter.

Man Drinking Espresso
Man Drinking Espresso

Brewing the Espresso

The group head is the component that connects the pressurised water to the portafilter, which holds the coffee grounds. The portafilter is filled with finely ground coffee and tamped down to create a compact coffee puck. The pressurised water then flows through the group head, extracting the espresso from the coffee grounds in the portafilter.

Creating the Perfect Crema

As the water passes through the coffee grounds, it extracts the oils, flavours, and solids from the beans. This mixture then flows through a small hole at the bottom of the portafilter, creating a thick, golden crema that sits atop the espresso shot. The crema is a crucial component of a well-extracted espresso, as it adds to the aroma, flavour, and overall experience of the drink.

Steaming the Milk

In addition to brewing espresso, many espresso machines also have a steam wand for frothing milk. This wand emits a jet of high-pressure steam that is used to heat and froth milk for cappuccinos, lattes, and other milk-based Italian coffee drinks.

By understanding the inner workings of an espresso machine, you can gain a deeper appreciation for the skill and expertise required to produce a perfect shot of Italian coffee.

The History of Espresso: Modern Times

In the decades since, there have been many advancements in espresso technology, including the semi-automatic machine of 1961 and the super-automatic machine in the 1990s. These improvements have led to the production of a superior espresso.

Today’s espresso machines are the epitome of efficiency and precision, offering precise temperature control, consistent extraction, and even automatic milk frothing and grinding options.

With modern technology, espresso has become a drink that can be enjoyed by coffee fanatics and casual drinkers alike, delivering a perfectly balanced and high-quality cup each time.


The Barista’s Touch

Throughout the history of espresso, the art of crafting the perfect shot has been elevated by the barista’s touch. With their expert skills, precision, and creativity, baristas turn the performance of modern espresso machines into works of art.

Each shot is crafted with a meticulous eye for detail, from the pour to the latte art, resulting in a truly memorable espresso experience. The barista is the espresso virtuoso, infusing every shot with their unique artistic flair.

Creating the ideal espresso shot is a combination of art and science. The right grind size, extraction time, and chemical balance must all come together in perfect harmony to produce a cup that is bursting with flavour.

The grind must be finely-tuned to extract the full flavour of the beans, the extraction time must be precise to bring out the desired notes and aromas, and the chemistry must be balanced to ensure a smooth, rich cup. When these elements are blended together, the result is the quintessential espresso.

Espresso is a complex dance of temperature, pressure, and time. To extract the perfect shot, modern espresso machines are engineered to control these factors with unerring accuracy. The temperature must be steady, the pressure must be consistent, and the time must be precisely measured to bring out the best in the beans.

Flat White

A popular espresso-based drink is the Flat White, which is a close relative of the latte. Originating in Australia and New Zealand, the Flat White is made with a double shot of espresso and a small amount of steamed milk.

Resulting in a smooth and creamy coffee that is not too sweet. The key difference between a Flat White and a latte is that the Flat White has less foam and a more concentrated flavour.

The Mocha

The Mocha is a chocolate-based espresso drink that is popular among those with a sweet tooth. Made with espresso, steamed milk, and chocolate syrup, it is a decadent treat that is sure to satisfy any cravings. Some variations of the Mocha also include a dollop of whipped cream on top, making it a true indulgence.

The Cortado

Finally, there is the Cortado, a Spanish coffee drink made with equal parts espresso and steamed milk. It is a simple but satisfying drink that is perfect for those who prefer a milder coffee flavour. The Cortado is a staple in Spanish coffee shops, and it is gaining popularity in other countries as well.

Italian Coffee Guide: What, When, and How to Order

Italian coffee is renowned for its rich, robust flavour and unique brewing methods. To truly enjoy this cultural experience, it’s important to understand the various types of Italian coffee drinks and the etiquette surrounding ordering and consuming them.

When visiting Italy, you’ll encounter several popular coffee drinks, including the classic espresso, cappuccino, macchiato, and caffe latte. Espresso is a concentrated shot of coffee typically enjoyed in the morning or after a meal.

Cappuccino, a blend of espresso, steamed milk, and frothy foam, is usually consumed during breakfast or early mornings. Macchiato is a shot of espresso with a small dollop of milk foam, enjoyed throughout the day. Caffe latte is similar to a cappuccino but contains more steamed milk and is often consumed in the morning.

In Italy, it’s common to stand at the bar while enjoying your coffee. Order your coffee at the cashier, pay, and take the receipt to the barista. Remember that Italians typically avoid drinking cappuccinos after 11 am, as it is considered a morning beverage. Familiarise yourself with the customs and types of Italian coffee to fully immerse yourself in this authentic experience.


Italian Coffee – How Strong is It?

Italian coffee is typically made with a blend of Arabica and Robusta beans, the latter of which is known for its strong, robust taste and high caffeine content. This combination of beans creates a balanced flavour profile, while still packing a punch in terms of strength. Italian roasting methods also contribute to the bold taste, with a preference for darker roasts that produce a full-bodied, strong coffee.

The traditional Italian espresso is undoubtedly a strong, concentrated coffee with a rich flavour profile. When it comes to other Italian coffee drinks, the strength may vary depending on the proportion of espresso to milk or water.


Espresso is not just any drink, it’s a cultural phenomenon that has captured the hearts of coffee lovers. It has become a staple in our daily lives, whether we crave it in the morning to jump-start our day, as a pick-me-up during a hectic workday, or as a decadent treat after dinner. The humble origins of espresso in Italy have blossomed into a worldwide celebration of coffee, making it a symbol of Italian heritage.

The invention of the espresso machine marked a major milestone in coffee history and revolutionised the way people consume this beloved beverage. Over a hundred years later, the espresso machine still reigns as a pioneering idea, continuously shaping and driving the evolution of coffee culture.

Italian Coffee: A Guide To Espresso’s History Read More »


Cortado Coffee: Exquisite Recipe, Enriching Variations, and Inspiring History

Cortado, a coffee drink that has been gaining popularity in recent years, is a unique espresso-based beverage. It is made with equal parts of espresso and steamed milk, served in a glass. Unlike other espresso-based drinks, cortado has a distinct taste that sets it apart from the rest.

To make a perfect cortado, the barista must use high-quality coffee and steam the milk to the correct temperature and consistency. The steamed milk should be velvety smooth and have micro-foam bubbles to create latte art on top of the drink. This attention to detail ensures that every sip is rich, creamy, and satisfying.

Some variations of the cortado include the cortadito, which is a sweeter version made with condensed milk. The honey bee cortado includes honey as a sweetener for an extra touch of sweetness. These variations add complexity to an already delicious drink.

A perfect pairing is toasted sourdough with tomatoes from the Basque Country. The acidity of tomatoes complements the rich flavour of coffee and milk. This combination creates an explosion of flavours in your mouth that will leave you wanting more.

Cortado’s origin can be traced back to Spain where it was traditionally served in small glasses known as “cafe con leche.” Its popularity spread throughout Europe before making its way across the Atlantic Ocean to North America.

The Ingredients Needed for Making a Perfect Cortado Coffee

The perfect cortado starts with high-quality coffee beans. A fine grind size is essential to extract the best flavour and aroma from the beans. Baristas recommend using an espresso blend that has been roasted for a shorter period of time, producing a lighter roast that complements the milk.

Once you have your coffee beans make sure your equipment is clean and ready to use. Grind your coffee beans finely, about as fine as table salt or sand. This will create a smooth and rich espresso shot that pairs perfectly with steamed milk.

Cortado Coffee

One of the key elements in creating a perfect cortado is achieving balance between sweetness and acidity. To do this, you need to heat your milk properly.

The ideal temperature for steaming milk is around 140°F (60°C). This temperature allows you to achieve optimal sweetness while still retaining some of the natural acidity of the milk.

When heating your milk, make sure not to overheat it or let it boil. This can cause unwanted flavours in your drink and ruin your experience.

Steaming milk may seem like an easy task, but there’s actually quite an art to it! To achieve that smooth and velvety texture that makes a cortado so special, you need to steam your milk at just the right angle.

Start by placing your steam wand into the pitcher at an angle, then turn on the steam. As you steam, keep moving your pitcher in small circles while keeping it tilted slightly away from you. This will help create micro-foam – tiny bubbles that give your milk that velvety texture.

Barista Preparation
Barista Preparation

Now that you’ve mastered steaming your milk, it’s time to pour it into your espresso shot. This is where you can really get creative! To create a distinct layering effect in your cortado, start by pouring your steamed milk slowly into the center of your espresso shot.

As you pour, move the pitcher back and forth slightly to create a pattern on top of your drink. This will help create that beautiful layering effect that makes a cortado so visually appealing.

How to Drink a Cortado

Now that you know how to make and pour a perfect cortado, it’s time to enjoy it! A traditional cortado is served in a small glass or cup, often with toasted sourdough or other light snacks on the side. In some areas like Basque Country, they even serve them with tomatoes!

When drinking take small sips and savour each one. The balance of coffee and milk should be perfect – not too sweet or too acidic. If you’re feeling adventurous, try different variations like the honey bee cortado or cortadito!

How to Make a Delicious Cortado Coffee at Home

Making a delicious cortado coffee at home is easier than you might think. With just a few simple steps, you can enjoy this smooth and creamy coffee beverage from the comfort of your own kitchen. Here’s how to do it.

Step 1: Brew Your Espresso

The first step is to brew your espresso. If you have an espresso machine at home, use that to make a single shot of espresso.

Step 2: Steam Your Milk

Next, steam one ounce of milk using either an espresso machine or a frother. The goal here is to create micro-foam – tiny bubbles that will give the milk its creamy texture.

Step 3: Combine the Two

Once you’ve brewed your espresso and steamed your milk, it’s time to combine them. Pour the steamed milk over the shot of espresso in equal parts (a 1:1 ratio). This is what gives the it its signature taste and texture.

Now that you’ve made your cortado, all that’s left is to enjoy it! Sip slowly and savour the rich flavour and creamy texture of this classic coffee beverage.

Barista Espresso
Barista Making Espresso

How Does Cortado Compare to Other Similar Espresso-based Drinks?

Cortado vs. Macchiato

Cortado and macchiato are two espresso-based drinks that are often compared due to their similar ingredients. While both drinks contain espresso and steamed milk, there are distinct differences between them that set them apart.

One of the main differences between a cortado and a macchiato is the ratio of espresso to milk. A cortado typically has an equal amount of espresso and milk, resulting in a balanced flavour. In contrast, a macchiato has a higher concentration of espresso, with just a small amount of steamed milk added on top.

Another difference between these two drinks is their preparation method. A cortado is typically served in a small glass, while a macchiato is served in an espresso cup with a dollop of foam on top. The presentation may seem minor, but it can affect how the drink tastes and feels when consumed.

Cortados have been described as smooth and creamy with an even balance between the espresso and milk. The addition of steamed milk gives it just enough creaminess without overpowering the coffee. On the other hand, macchiatos have a stronger espresso flavour with just a hint of sweetness from the added milk.

Cortado vs Latte

While cortados are often compared to macchiatos due to their similar ingredients, they’re also commonly compared to lattes because they both contain steamed milk. However, there are some key differences that set these two drinks apart.

The most significant difference between cortados and lattes is their ratio of milk to espresso. Cortados have roughly equal parts steamed milk and espresso while lattes have much more steamed milk – usually around three parts milk to one part espresso. This results in a much creamier, sweeter taste than the bolder flavour.

Making Variations: Adding Flavours and Spices.

Cortado is a coffee drink that has been enjoyed by many for its unique taste profile. However, did you know that you can add different flavours and spices to make it even more special? Here are some ideas on how to do just that.

Flavoured Syrups

One way to add flavour is by using syrups. These syrups come in a variety of flavours such as vanilla, caramel, hazelnut, and chocolate. Simply add a pump or two of your favourite syrup into the espresso shot before adding steamed milk. You can also use natural extracts like almond or peppermint.

Another way is to add edible flowers. Fresh flowers like lavender or rose petals can be steeped in hot water and added to the espresso shot before pouring in the steamed milk.

Adding Spices

Spices are another great way to enhance the taste of your cortado. Cinnamon is one spice that pairs well with coffee drinks, including cortado. Simply sprinkle some cinnamon powder on top of the steamed milk before serving.

Other spices like cardamom and nutmeg can also be used for an exotic twist on this classic drink. To make a cardamom-infused cortado, simply crush some cardamom pods and add them into the espresso shot before adding steamed milk.

Regional Variations

Cortado originated from Spain where it was traditionally served alongside breakfast pastries like croissants or churros. In Gibraltar, they serve their version of cortado with condensed milk instead of regular milk for a sweeter taste.

In addition, heritage radishes are often used as garnish in Spanish cafes where cortados are served as they provide a refreshing contrast to the rich taste of the drink.

Cortado Coffee: Exquisite Recipe, Enriching Variations, and Inspiring History Read More »


Mazagran: The Legendary Coffee Drink with a Twist

Discovering Mazagran: A Brief History and Explanation

If you’re a coffee drinker, then you’ve got to try Mazagran. This refreshing beverage is a unique blend of coffee, lemon, and sugar that has its origins in Algeria.

The drink has been around for nearly two centuries and is still popular today. In this article, I’ll take you through the history and explain what it is.

The Origins of Mazagran

Mazagran was first created during the French invasion of Algeria in 1840. The soldiers were looking for a way to make their coffee last longer in the hot desert climate. They discovered that by adding lemon juice and sugar to their coffee, it not only lasted longer but also tasted much better than plain black coffee.

Over time, this recipe became known as “Mazagran” after a small town in Algeria where French troops won an important battle against Moroccan forces in 1840. The town was named after a nearby fortress called Mazagran that played a key role in the battle.

The drink soon became popular among soldiers and civilians alike throughout North Africa and Europe. It was even mentioned in Alexandre Dumas’ novel “The Count of Monte Cristo” as a favourite beverage of one of the characters.

What Exactly is Mazagran?

Mazagran is essentially cold or warm black coffee with added lemon juice and sugar served over ice. There are many variations on the classic recipe that include additional ingredients such as rum or sparkling water. To make traditional Mazagran, start by brewing strong black coffee using your preferred method (drip, French press, etc.).

Next, add fresh lemon juice and granulated sugar to taste while the coffee is still hot. Stir until the sugar dissolves, then pour the mixture over ice cubes in a tall glass.

Garnish with a slice of lemon and enjoy! The beauty is, that it can be customised to suit your tastes.

You can use different types of coffee beans, adjust the amount of lemon juice and sugar, or experiment with different garnishes. Now that you know what it is and where it came from, let’s explore why this drink has stood the test of time and remains a favourite for coffee drinkers around the world.

Mazagran and Lemon

The Legend of the Battle of Mazagran

Let’s start with the basics: Mazagran is a coffee drink that originated in Algeria. And like many things related to coffee, there’s a story behind its name. Legend has it that during the Battle of Mazagran in 1840, French troops were struggling in the scorching heat when they decided to mix their rationed coffee with water and lemon juice to cool off.

The soldiers reportedly exclaimed “ça va mieux” (“it’s getting better”) after having this refreshing concoction, which led to it being named “Mazagran” after the battlefield where they first tried it. While there may be some debate about how accurate this story is, there’s no denying its impact on the drink’s popularity and cultural significance.

How This Legend Has Impacted The Popularity of Mazagran

The fact that Mazagran has such a rich backstory only adds to its appeal for many coffee drinkers. It gives us a sense of connection to history and tradition, which can make enjoying the drink even more satisfying.

Plus, knowing that this refreshing beverage was first enjoyed by soldiers battling in the desert makes it all the more intriguing. But beyond just nostalgia and cultural significance, I believe that this legend has helped boost Mazagran’s popularity because it speaks directly to one of our most basic human needs: refreshment.

Anyone who’s ever felt overheated or exhausted knows how amazing it feels to have something cool and revitalizing to sip on. And as someone who loves both lemonade and coffee, I can attest that combining them is pure genius.

Of course, not everyone may agree with me on this point – some might argue that mixing coffee with lemon juice is sacrilege! But personally, I think it’s a testament to the versatility of coffee as a beverage that it can be combined with so many different flavors and still taste great.

While the exact history of Mazagran may be shrouded in mystery, there’s no denying its enduring appeal as a refreshing and unique coffee drink. Whether you’re sipping it on a hot summer day or just looking for something new to try, I highly recommend giving it a chance and letting its legend live on.

The Classic Recipe for Mazagran

Mazagran is a classic beverage that combines the strong flavors of coffee with the tartness of lemon and the sweetness of sugar. This unique combination creates a refreshing drink that can be enjoyed anytime, anywhere.

However, not all Mazagran recipes are created equal. In this section, we will dive into the detailed ingredients list and preparation instructions to create the perfect balance between coffee, lemon, and sugar.

Detailed Ingredients List

To create a delicious Mazagran there are only six essential ingredients you need: hot brewed coffee, freshly squeezed lemon juice, granulated sugar or simple syrup (depending on your preference), ice cubes, water and some fresh mint leaves (optional). It’s important to note that you shouldn’t use instant coffee.

The quality of your coffee will make all the difference. So choose a high-quality medium roast coffee for optimal results.

For lemons you want to use fresh ones rather than bottled lemon juice which can contain preservatives or sweeteners that could affect the taste. Granulated sugar is usually used in traditional recipes but some prefer simple syrup since it dissolves more quickly than granulated sugar.

Preparation Instructions

To prepare your perfect glass:

1) Brew your coffee: Using high quality medium roast coffee beans grind them coarsely then add 1 tbsp of ground coffee per every 6 oz cup for optimal strength.

2) Let it cool down: Don’t pour hot brewed coffee directly over ice as it can dilute your drink too much. Wait until it has cooled down before proceeding.

3) Juice Your Lemons: Squeeze fresh lemon juice into a separate container then add it to your cooled-down cup of brewed coffee. 4) Add sugar or simple syrup: Determine how much you want to add.

This will depend on your desired sweetness level. Mix in the sugar or simple syrup until it dissolves completely.

5) Add Ice and Water: Add a generous amount of ice cubes then top off with some cold water and stir everything together.

6) Optional Garnish: You can add fresh mint leaves, lemon slices, or even some rum to enhance the taste.

Mazagran Preparation
Mazagran Preparation

Mazagran is an irresistible beverage when prepared correctly by talented baristas who understand how to strike the perfect equilibrium among its ingredients. Start by using high-quality beans then follow our easy steps for preparation and enjoy sips of this unique beverage that have been enjoyed since 1840!

Variations on the Classic Recipe

Mazagran is already a remarkable drink, but imagine taking it up a notch with your favourite flavours and ingredients. You can experiment with different combinations to find the perfect version that suits your taste buds. For instance, you can mix things up by infusing your coffee with vanilla or cinnamon.

A creative way to customise your Mazagran is by adding fruit syrups like raspberry or blueberry. This adds a fruity twist to the classic recipe and makes it more delicious than ever before.

You can also try adding some liquor like rum or whiskey for an extra kick. This turns your regular Mazagran into a boozy beverage that you can enjoy on special occasions or after a long day at work.

Creative Twists on the Classic Recipe That Will Surprise Your Taste Buds

If you’re feeling adventurous, there’s no limit to what you can do with Mazagran. Here are some creative twists that will make your taste buds dance with joy:

– Mint Chocolate: Add some mint extract and chocolate syrup to create a refreshing Mint Chocolate Mazagran.

– Coconut Cream: Mix in coconut cream for a tropical twist that will transport you straight to the beach.

– Maple Syrup: Replace sugar with maple syrup for a sweet, earthy flavour that’s perfect for autumn.

– Caramel Sauce: Drizzle caramel sauce over ice cubes before pouring in coffee for an indulgent treat.

– Spicy Chai: Replace lemon juice with chai tea concentrate and add some cayenne pepper for spicy chai-flavoured Mazagran.

These twists might sound simple, but they can take your Mazagran experience to a whole new level.

You’ll be surprised at how much of a difference these small changes can make. Mazagran is an already fantastic beverage, but there’s always room for experimentation.

Don’t be afraid to mix things up and try out different flavours and ingredients to create your perfect cup. The possibilities are endless!


Ideas for Pairing It with Different Foods or Desserts

Mazagran is a versatile drink that pairs well with many different foods and desserts. A classic pairing is with pastry items such as croissants, scones or even buttery toast.

The crisp acidity complements the buttery textures of these baked goods perfectly. Another great combination is with chocolate-based desserts like chocolate cake or brownies.

The bitterness from coffee balances out the sweetness of chocolate making it less cloyingly sweet and more enjoyable. If you’re feeling adventurous, try pairing with savoury dishes like smoked salmon on rye bread or even sushi rolls- trust me it works!

Something about its acidic taste helps refresh your palate between bites also keeping you alert throughout dinner! For those who prefer cheeseboards to sweets can pair their glass with strong flavoured cheese such as blue cheese or Roquefort.

The acidity in the lemon juice neutralises flavours like goat cheese tanginess leaving only the unique tastes which makes this pairing so exciting. There are endless possibilities when it comes to pairing Mazagran with food.

Experiment with your own combinations and see which ones work best for you. The key is to play around and have fun with it.

Mazagran and Sushi Rolls
Mazagran and Sushi Rolls

Now, as a Mazagran fan, I must say this: never, under any circumstance, add milk to your Mazagran. It ruins the delicate balance of flavours that make this drink so special.

Instead, try adding a splash of sparkling water or tonic water if you want to lighten it up. Trust me on this one – milk has no place in a glass of Mazagran!

Drink Like Hemingway

Ernest Hemingway was a known fan of Mazagran and even mentioned it in his novel, “For Whom the Bell Tolls.” In fact, he reportedly enjoyed it so much that he brought the recipe back to the United States with him. As someone who appreciates both literature and coffee, I find it cool to think about drinking a beverage that was also popular among one of history’s great writers. Mazagran is more than just a refreshing drink – it’s a fascinating mix of cultures, history, and tradition.

Whether you’re sipping on it at a trendy cafe or making it at home, take some time to appreciate all the little details that have gone into creating this unique beverage. Who knows – maybe next time you drink Mazagran, you’ll stumble upon your own fun fact or interesting tidbit!


What is in Mazagran?

When it comes to the beverage known as Mazagran, many people may be wondering what exactly goes into this unique drink. Well, let me tell you – it’s not your typical coffee or iced tea. First of all, Mazagran is traditionally made with cold coffee and either lemon juice or lemon soda.

This combination may seem odd at first, but let me assure you that it is a truly delightful flavor experience. The bitterness of the coffee is balanced by the tartness of the lemon, creating a refreshing and invigorating taste.

Some variations of Mazagran also include other ingredients such as sugar or rum. Personally, I prefer my Mazagran without any additional sweeteners or alcohol – I find that these additions detract from the purity of the drink and mask some of its more subtle flavors.

In terms of preparation, there are also different schools of thought on how to make the perfect Mazagran. Some people prefer to brew their coffee hot before chilling it in the refrigerator, while others opt for a cold brew method.

And don’t even get me started on whether to use fresh-squeezed lemon juice or store-bought lemon soda! Overall, what makes Mazagran so special is its unique combination of flavours and its versatility – whether enjoyed as a morning pick-me-up or as an afternoon refresher on a hot day, this beverage is sure to satisfy.

What is the Origin of Mazagran

Mazagran is a beverage that has a long and complicated history, and its origins are the subject of much debate among coffee drinkers. Some claim that it was first created in Algeria during the French colonial period, while others argue that it originated in Portugal or Austria.

While the exact origins of Mazagran are difficult to pin down, one thing is clear: this refreshing drink has been enjoyed by coffee lovers all over the world for centuries. One theory about the origin of Mazagran suggests that it was first created by French soldiers during their occupation of Algeria in the 1830s.

According to this theory, the soldiers mixed cold water with coffee and sugar to create a refreshing beverage that they could drink during the hot Algerian summers. They named this drink “mazagran” after a town in Algeria where they were stationed.

Others believe that Mazagran originated in Portugal, where it was known as “abatanado com limão” or “coffee with lemon.” This version of the beverage was made by adding lemon juice to sweetened coffee and served cold over ice. Some Portuguese also added rum or brandy to their version of Mazagran.

While still others think that Mazagran may have originated in Austria as a way to make use of leftover coffee from breakfast. This version typically includes cold black coffee, lemon juice and rum served over ice.

Mazagran: The Legendary Coffee Drink with a Twist Read More »

cold brew coffee

Cold Brew Coffee: How to Add New Flavours

Chilling Out with Cold Brew Coffee: A Complete Guide to Mastering the Perfect Cup

What is Cold Brew Coffee?

Ah, cold brew coffee. The smooth, refreshing elixir that has taken the coffee world by storm. But wait, some of you may be asking, what exactly is cold brew coffee?

Well my friends, allow me to enlighten you. Cold brew coffee is a method of brewing coffee that involves steeping ground coffee beans in cold or room temperature water for an extended period of time – typically anywhere from 12 to 24 hours.

This is in stark contrast to the traditional hot brewing method which involves pouring hot water over ground coffee beans and extracting the flavors and oils much more quickly. While it may seem a bit odd to some of you die-hard hot coffee drinkers out there, trust me when I say that once you try a good glass of homemade cold brew concentrate, it will change your life forever.

Cold brewed concentrate offers a much smoother taste than traditionally brewed iced coffee due to its lower acidity and lack of bitterness. And let’s not forget about all the variations you can make with DIY fruit syrups or handmade flavored syrups – the possibilities are endless!

Now don’t get me wrong – there are certainly varying opinions on what brewing ratio and proportions work best for cold brew method. Some prefer a stronger concentrate while others like their cold brew on the weaker side with added sugary milk or condensed milk.

But at the end of the day, it all comes down to personal preference. So go ahead and experiment with different blends and flavours until you find your perfect cup.

cold brew
cold brew

What Is The Basic Cold Brew Ratio?

The basic cold brew ratio is the foundation of any great cold brew coffee. It might seem like a trivial matter, but the right brewing ratio can make all the difference for a perfect cup of chilled brew. The ideal brewing ratio determines how much coffee to water you should use to achieve the desired strength and flavor profile.

The recommended coffee-to-water ratio for cold brew is 1:4. This means that for every gram of ground coffee, you should use four grams of water.

This proportion will give you a strong enough concentration without being too overpowering or bitter. However, this is just a general guideline, and many baristas and home brewers have their own preferred proportions that they swear by.

But let me tell you this: if you’re not using freshly ground coffee beans, it won’t matter what your brewing ratio is or how much effort you put into your cold brew process – it will never be as good as it could be. Grinding beans yourself allows you to control the size of the grind and ensures that your grounds are fresh for maximum flavour extraction.

Trust me; once you try freshly ground coffee in your cold brew recipe, there’s no going back. Finding the perfect brewing ratio and grinding your beans fresh are crucial to making a good cup of cold brew coffee.

Don’t underestimate these two factors when preparing your chilled brew at home or ordering one at a café! And don’t forget that adding sugary milk or frothed cream can take away from the natural flavours of your coffee – stick with simple syrup or handmade flavoured syrup instead for an extra hint of taste without taking away from what makes cold brew special – its smoothness!

How To Grind Coffee For Cold Brew

When it comes to cold brew coffee, the way you grind your beans can make a huge difference in the quality and taste of your final product. If you’re serious about making the perfect cup of chilled brew, then listen up – because I’ve got some tips that are going to change the way you think about grinding beans. Let’s start with the basics: when it comes to grinding for cold brew, you want a coarse grind.

Why? Because if your grinds are too fine, then they’ll release too much bitter and acidic flavors into your concentrate.

Trust me, nobody wants a sour or over-extracted cup of cold brew coffee. So here’s what you do: grab your coffee beans (I prefer a medium roast), and set up your grinder for that coarse grind setting.

You want each bean to be broken up into large chunks that will steep slowly in cool water without breaking down too quickly. When it comes to brewing ratios for concentrated cold brew, aim for around 1:4 coffee-to-water proportions.

This means using one part ground coffee to four parts water; adjust according to taste preferences. And remember, this is just a starting point!

There’s no one-size-fits-all formula when it comes to brewing with different varieties of coffee beans. Don’t forget about preservation!

How To Make Cold Brew Coffee At Home

Making cold brew coffee at home is easy and can be done with just a few basic steps. Here’s how:

  1. Grind coffee beans to a coarse consistency.
  2. Combine coffee grounds and cold water in a jar or pitcher.
  3. Stir well to ensure all the grounds are wet.
  4. Cover the container and let it steep for 12-24 hours at room temperature.
  5. After steeping, strain the mixture through a fine mesh strainer or cheesecloth.
  6. Dilute the concentrate with water or milk to taste.
  7. Serve over ice and enjoy!

How To Make Cold Brew Coffee In A Cafetiere

Cold brew coffee can also be made using a cafetiere, also known as a French press. Here’s how:

  1. Coarsely grind your coffee beans.
  2. Add the coffee grounds to the cafetiere.
  3. Pour cold water over the coffee grounds, using a ratio of 1:4 (1 part coffee to 4 parts water).
  4. Stir the mixture to ensure all the coffee is saturated with water.
  5. Place the lid on the cafetiere, but do not press down the plunger.
  6. Let the mixture steep in the fridge for 12-24 hours.
  7. After steeping, slowly press down the plunger to separate the coffee concentrate from the grounds.
  8. Pour the concentrate into a separate container and dilute with water or milk to taste.
  9. Serve over ice and enjoy!
Cold Brew Glass
Glass of Cold Brew

How Long Does Cold Brew Coffee Last?

Ah, cold brew coffee, the nectar of the gods. It’s smooth, it’s intense, and it’s perfect for a hot summer day. But how long does this delicious elixir last?

Can you store it for days or weeks, or should you drink it all in one sitting? Let me tell you all about storing cold brew coffee.

First of all, let me clear up a common misconception: cold brew coffee is not the same as iced coffee. Iced coffee is simply hot brewed coffee that has been cooled down and poured over ice.

Cold brew coffee is a concentrated coffee that is brewed with cold water over a long period of time. Because of its concentrated nature, it can be stored for much longer than regular brewed iced coffee.

So how long does cold brew last? Well, if you store it properly in an airtight container in the fridge, it can last up to two weeks!

That’s right- you don’t have to drink your entire batch in one sitting (although I wouldn’t blame you if you did). Plus, since cold brew is concentrated, you can dilute it with water or milk to make more drinks without sacrificing taste.

But beware- not all varieties of cold brew are created equal when it comes to shelf life. If your cold brew has additions like sugary milk or whipped foam on top, its lifespan will be shorter than plain chilled brew because these additions can spoil quickly.

Additionally brewing techniques and ratios may also affect the length of storage time. If you’re looking for ways to enhance your stored concentrate without limiting its storage lifespan keep things simple by adding some ice cubes or maybe some homemade flavoured syrup made from scratch.

Flavours To Add To Cold Brew Coffee

Cold Brew Coffee With Shredded Coconut

Let me tell you, if you haven’t tried cold brew coffee with shredded coconut, you’re missing out on one of life’s greatest pleasures. It’s a cold beverage that’s brewed overnight using the cold brew method, and then mixed with shredded coconut to create a tropical flavour that will transport you to an island paradise.

When grinding beans for this recipe, you want them to be medium-coarse. This ensures maximum extraction and prevents over-extraction which can result in bitter flavours.

Once your cold brew is ready, it’s time to add in the shredded coconut. You can either mix it directly into the brewed concentrate or strain out the grounds and mix the coconut in separately before storing.

I prefer to mix it all together for a more cohesive drink. When it comes to storing cold brew coffee with shredded coconut, I recommend using an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to five days.

This ensures freshness and preserves it without any degradation.

It adds just enough sweetness without being too overpowering and creates a delightful tropical taste that pairs perfectly with frothed cream or sweetened condensed milk if you’re feeling indulgent. Trust me when I say this is one addition that will have you coming back for more!

Cold Brew Coffee With Spices

The right combination of spices can add depth and complexity to your chilled brew, making it the perfect pick-me-up on a hot day.

Here are some of my favourite spices to add to cold brew coffee:


This warm and sweet spice adds a touch of sweetness to your chilled brew. It pairs especially well with sugary milk or sweetened condensed milk, making for a tasty coffee treat.


This fragrant spice works best when added during the brewing process. Simply grind your beans together with some cardamom pods before you start brewing, and you’ll end up with an aromatic cup of cold brew.


For those who like their caffeine with a kick, ginger is the perfect addition. Grate some fresh ginger into your cold brew coffee for an extra spicy twist.

Cold Brew Preparation
Cold Brew Preparation

Cold Brew Coffee With Homemade Fruit Syrup

If you are a fan of sweet and fruity flavors, you must try cold brew coffee with homemade fruit syrup. It is an excellent way to add natural sweetness and flavor to your chilled beverage.

The good thing is that you can use any fruit you like or have on hand, whether it’s strawberries, blueberries, raspberries, or even mangoes. Making DIY fruit syrup is easy and requires only a few simple steps.

All you need is water, sugar, and your preferred fruits. Start by simmering the fruits in water until they break down into a sweetened liquid.

Then strain the mixture through a fine-mesh sieve to remove any pulp or seeds before adding sugar to the mixture. Bring it back to a boil until the sugar dissolves completely and then let it cool before using.

Cold Brew Coffee With Sweet Cream Cold Foam

If you’ve ever tried cold brew coffee with sweet cream cold foam, you know that it’s not just a coffee drink, it’s an experience. The creamy, fluffy foam on top of the chilled brew creates a perfect balance between the rich, smooth coffee and the sweet, yet not overpowering milk. It’s the ultimate summer drink that will keep you energized and cool throughout those hot days.

But let’s talk about how to achieve that perfect sweet cream cold foam. Firstly, you need to make sure you have high-quality ingredients.

Use freshly ground coffee beans or pre-ground varieties specifically labeled for cold brew. Grinding your own beans is always recommended for maximum freshness and flavour.

Once your concentrated coffee is brewed and chilled, it’s time to make the sweet cream cold foam. To achieve that whipped texture we all know and love, use an electric whisk or handheld frother to mix whole milk with sugary condensed milk until light and fluffy peaks form on top of your iced coffee cup.

Cold Brew Coffee With Sweetened Condensed Milk

Sweetened condensed milk is a wonderful addition to cold brew coffee as it provides the perfect amount of sweetness and creaminess that complements the strong flavour of concentrated coffee.

The trick is to add just enough so as not to overpower the taste of the cold brew while retaining its unique flavour. To make cold brew coffee with sweetened condensed milk, start by brewing your concentrate using your preferred brewing ratio.

Once you have brewed your concentrate, pour about 1/4 cup of it into a glass filled with ice. Next, add a tablespoon or two of sweetened condensed milk to the glass depending on how sweet you prefer your cold beverage.


Cold brew coffee is a delicious and refreshing drink that has taken the coffee world by storm.

The cold brew method is not only a unique way to prepare coffee, but it also allows for different brewing techniques and brewing ratios that can bring out the best in your coffee beans.

As mentioned earlier in this article, grinding beans is an essential part of the cold brew process. Using the right grinding technique will help you achieve the perfect balance between flavour and strength.

Handmade flavoured syrup or DIY fruit syrup can elevate your cold brew experience to new heights. Sugary milk or whipped foam can be added for a sweeter finish.

When it comes to storing cold brew, make sure to keep it in an airtight container in your fridge. This will help preserve its freshness for up to two weeks.

If you’re looking for an environmentally-friendly option, using a reusable cup or bottle is highly recommended. Overall, I believe that everyone should try making their own cold brew at home using their preferred brewing technique and additions.

It’s an incredibly versatile beverage that offers something for everyone – whether you prefer something sweet like condensed milk or something more traditional like ground coffee. So go forth and experiment with your own unique twists on this popular cold beverage – who knows what kind of amazing creations you’ll come up with!

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Filter Coffee Machines

Filter Coffee Machines: A Comprehensive Guide

Filter coffee machines are the unsung heroes of the coffee world. They are incredibly versatile and offer a variety of brewing methods, each with its unique benefits. Whether you prefer a manual drip coffee maker for your early morning cup of coffee or an automatic drip coffee maker for those busy mornings, there is a filter coffee machine out there for everyone.

One of the biggest advantages of filter coffee machines is their cup capacity. They can brew anywhere from a single cup to multiple cups at once, making them ideal for households with multiple coffee drinkers or even small offices.

Budget-friendly options are also available, making them accessible to anyone looking for a reliable and affordable way to brew their morning coffee. While some may argue that capsule or electric coffee machines offer faster brewing times and more customizable settings, I firmly believe that filter coffee machines hold their own in terms of speed and ease-of-use.

With programmable options and customizable settings available in many models, you can have your perfect cup of coffee ready within minutes without sacrificing quality. For those who prefer non-electric options or want to reduce their carbon footprint, there are also manual options like pour-over coffee makers and traditional percolators available.

These economical alternatives not only save money on electricity bills but also give you the satisfaction of manually brewing your perfect cup of coffee. Filter coffee machines are an essential part of any household or office kitchen.

With so many different types and features available on the market today, finding one that suits your needs is easier than ever before. From fast-brewing automatic drip brewers to budget-friendly manual drip makers, there is truly something for everyone when it comes to filter coffee machines.

Types of Filter Coffee Machines

When it comes to filter coffee machines, there isn’t just one type that fits all. There are several types of these coffee makers available on the market that cater to different preferences and needs. Let’s take a look at some of the most popular ones.

Manual Drip Coffee Makers

They are also known as pour-over coffee makers and are the traditional coffee brewing machines that have been around for ages.

They are visually appealing and aesthetically pleasing with a vintage look that gives your kitchen a touch of old-school charm. In contrast to pod coffee machines or capsule coffee makers, manual drip coffee makers don’t require any specialized pods or capsules to brew your coffee.

You can use regular ground coffee beans and still get the full flavour of the beans. One of the most significant advantages of manual drip coffee makers is their affordability.

They are much cheaper than electric brewing machines, which makes them an economical choice for anyone who wants to brew their own delicious cup of coffee at home without breaking the bank. Besides, they offer versatility in terms of cup capacity as you can brew anywhere between one to six cups at once depending on the size of your carafe.

Another great feature of manual drip coffee makers is how easy they are to use. Unlike electric programmable coffee makers that require you to go through complicated settings and programming, manual drip brewers only require hot water and ground beans, making them a simple option for anyone looking for a quick way to make their morning cup of coffee without any fuss or hassle.

Maintaining these non-electric coffee makers is incredibly easy because they don’t have many moving parts or complicated mechanisms that could break down over time. All you need to do is rinse them out after each use and occasionally deep clean them with vinegar and water solution.

Manual drip coffee filter
Manual drip coffee filter

Automatic Drip Coffee Makers

These are a popular type of filter coffee machine due to their ease of use and quick brewing times. These machines offer a quick and convenient way to make a large pot of coffee, perfect for busy mornings or entertaining guests.

One of the benefits of automatic drip coffee makers is their customisable settings. Many models allow you to adjust the strength and amount of coffee brewed to your liking, ensuring that you get the perfect cup every time.

Additionally, these machines typically come equipped with timer programming features that allow you to set a start time for your brew, so your piping hot cup is ready when you wake up in the morning — talk about time-saving! While automatic drip coffee makers may not have the same vintage charm as non-electric brewing machines or traditional pour-over coffee makers, they are an economical option for those looking for a budget-friendly brewing method.

In comparison to capsule and pod-based coffee makers, automatic drip machines tend to be more budget-friendly in both initial cost and long-term operating expenses. And with many models now featuring environmentally friendly options such as reusable filters, they can also be an eco-conscious choice.

If you’re looking for an easy-to-use and time-saving option that still provides customisable settings for your daily caffeine fix, an automatic drip coffee maker may be the perfect choice for you! With various models available at different prices points and features, there’s sure to be one that suits both your taste buds and wallet.

Single Serve Coffee Makers

They are also known as capsule or pod coffee machines, are a popular choice for those who prioritise convenience over quality.

These machines have gained popularity due to their quick brewing time and ease of use. However, in terms of taste and cost-effectiveness, they fall short.

Firstly, let’s address the elephant in the room- the expense. Capsule coffee makers are far from budget-friendly.

These machines require proprietary capsules or pods that can only be used with their specific brand of machine. This means you’re stuck buying expensive capsules that you’ll eventually throw away after each use.

Economical? I don’t think so.

Moreover, single-serve coffee makers provide minimal control over coffee volume or strength. Sure, some models now come with programmable features like timer programming and fast brew technology but these convenience gadgets do not enhance the quality of the final product – it’s simply a time-saving feature.

Capsule or pod coffee machines produce an obscene amount of waste that cannot be ignored. The plastic waste generated by these machines is environmentally damaging in more ways than one – from production to disposal.

If you’re looking for a high-quality cup of coffee that’s both affordable and environmentally friendly – single-serve coffee makers are not the right brewing machine for you. Instead opt for pour-over coffee makers or traditional drip coffee makers which will give you more control over your brew at an affordable cost while being easy to maintain and dishwasher-safe components make cleaning up a breeze too!


Percolators are an old-school way of making coffee that some people swear by. These traditional coffee makers have been around for decades and were widely used before automatic drip coffee makers became popular.

They are great if you want a vintage coffee machine to add to your collection, but as far as functionality goes, they’re pretty outdated. One of the biggest issues with percolators is that they tend to over-extract the coffee grounds.

This means that your coffee can end up tasting burnt and bitter. Plus, percolators take longer to brew than most other types of brewing machines on the market.

If you’re looking for a quick brewing cup of coffee, a percolator might not be the best option for you. Another drawback of percolators is their cup capacity.

Most percolators can only brew a few cups at a time, so if you have a large household or like to entertain guests often, you’ll need to constantly refill the machine with water and ground coffee in order to keep everyone caffeinated. This can be time-consuming and not very practical.

Overall, while percolators may be economical and budget-friendly options when it comes to non-electric coffee makers, I would recommend looking into other types of traditional coffee makers that are easier to use and provide better results in terms of taste and efficiency. If you’re set on getting a vintage-style brewing machine for nostalgic reasons, then by all means go ahead with a percolator – just don’t expect it to perform like modern programmable coffee makers or pod coffee machines!

Technovore Moccamaster
Photo by earlybird coffee on Unsplash

Features to Consider When Buying a Filter Coffee Machine

When it comes to purchasing a filter coffee machine, there are a few essential features that you should consider to ensure you get the most out of your purchase. Firstly, it is important to think about the capacity of the coffee maker. If you’re someone who enjoys multiple cups throughout the day or if you frequently have guests over, then opting for a filter coffee machine with a larger cup capacity might be more suitable for your needs.

Alternatively, if you only drink one or two cups per day, then choosing a smaller filter coffee machine would be more appropriate. Another crucial factor to consider is the type of filter used in the machine.

While some people prefer reusable metal mesh filters that can save money and reduce waste in the long run, others might prefer paper filters for convenience and ease of use. Additionally, some machines come with built-in grinders or manual pour-over options for those who enjoy fresher coffee.

Furthermore, it’s important to think about how easy the machine is to clean and maintain. Many modern filter coffee machines come with dishwasher-safe components or an automatic cleaning function that can make life easier and keep your coffee tasting great.

However, if you’re someone who prefers vintage coffee machines or non-electric models, then these may require more hands-on cleaning methods. Finding the perfect filter coffee machine can be challenging but by considering crucial features such as cup capacity and type of filter used along with ease of cleaning and maintenance makes basic sense when investing in an economical device which satisfies our daily caffeine habit without breaking our budget-friendly plans yet provides customisable settings for quick brewing at home or office giving us more reasons to rejoice our love for Coffee Brewers!

Filter Coffee Machines
Filter Coffee Machines

Benefits of Using Filter Coffee Machines

Filter coffee machines are an excellent investment for anyone who enjoys a warm, comforting cup of coffee in the morning. These convenient machines have numerous benefits that make them a great addition to any kitchen. For starters, filter coffee makers are incredibly easy to use.

Even if you’re not a seasoned barista, you can still make delicious coffee with this type of machine. Simply add water and ground coffee beans to the machine, switch it on and let it do its job.

Another benefit of using filter coffee machines is their time-saving capabilities. These brewing machines quickly produce large volumes of coffee, making them ideal for busy households or offices where multiple cups are needed at once.

Additionally, they offer customisable settings that allow you to adjust the strength and temperature of your brew according to your preferences. Another advantage of using filter coffee makers is their economical nature.

Many models are affordable and require little maintenance over time – all you need to do is change the filter regularly and occasionally clean the machine’s components. Unlike capsule-style or electric coffee machines that require special pods or capsules that can be costly over time.

The environmental benefits of using non-electric pour-over coffee makers or traditional drip-style filter brewers cannot be ignored; these vintage-style brewing options require no electricity so they conserve energy while producing delicious tasting fresh brews every time! Not only saving money on electricity bills but also reducing carbon footprint as well as buying plastic filters which can contribute negatively towards our environment.

In short, if you’re looking for an easy-to-use, cost-effective way to enjoy great-tasting coffee at home or work then look no further than filter coffee makers! With their programmable features and fast brew times combined with easy maintenance requirements and affordability make them a great choice!

Maintenance Tips for Filter Coffee Machines

Maintaining your filter coffee machine is crucial to ensuring that it continues to produce consistent, high-quality coffee. Neglecting to clean your machine regularly can lead to a build-up of coffee oils and residue, resulting in a sour taste in your cup of coffee. Here are some maintenance tips for filter coffee machines that will help you keep your brewing machine in top shape.

Firstly, always remember to clean your machine after every use. This means removing the used coffee grounds and washing all the removable parts such as the carafe, filter basket and lid with soap and water.

Most dishwasher-safe components can be cleaned in the dishwasher, making it even more convenient for you if you’re short on time or prefer not to wash dishes by hand. Secondly, descaling is an important part of maintaining any electric coffee machine.

Over time, mineral deposits can build up inside the heating element and water reservoir which can cause damage if left unchecked. Descaling solutions are readily available at most home appliance stores or online retailers and are specially formulated to break down mineral deposits without damaging the internal components of your machine.

Don’t forget about replacing any worn or broken parts on your filter coffee maker as needed. This includes things like the carafe lid or filter basket which may need replacing over time due to wear and tear from regular use.

Taking care of your filter coffee maker doesn’t have to be complicated or expensive. With a little bit of effort and attention paid towards regular cleaning, descaling when necessary and replacing worn-out parts as needed, you’ll be able to enjoy fresh-tasting coffee from your economical brewing machine for years to come!


Are filter coffee machines easy to use?

Yes, filter coffee machines are one of the easiest types of coffee makers to use. They require no special skills or training.

All you need is freshly ground coffee and cold water, and you’re good to go. Simply add water and coffee grounds to the machine and switch it on.

Wait a few minutes, and your delicious cup of hot coffee will be ready.

Is it better to buy an electric or non-electric filter coffee machine?

It depends on your personal preferences and needs. If you want a fast brew, programmable settings, timer programming, customisable settings, large cup capacity or dishwasher-safe components then an electric filter coffee machine is your best choice.

On the other hand, if you want something budget-friendly that allows you greater control over the brewing process then a non-electric filter coffee machine such as pour-over or traditional drip method may be more suitable for you.

Do I need vintage or expensive brewing machines for great tasting filter coffees?

Not at all! While it’s true that there are some very expensive vintage brewing machines out there that can make excellent quality coffees with customisable settings but having said that doesn’t mean affordable options aren’t available in today’s market.

There are plenty of budget-friendly options out there that can make delicious cups of filtered coffees including automatic drip methods which offer fast brews without compromising on quality – particularly if they have burr grinders included which can grind fresh beans just before brewing making sure each cup tastes as fresh as possible! – Filter Coffee Machines should be celebrated for their simplicity, time-saving features and excellent value for money compared with Pod Coffee Machines that many people use these days!


Investing in a filter coffee machine is an excellent choice that will enhance your coffee experience. Filter coffee machines offer a range of features that make them both economical and practical.

However, it is essential to choose the right filter coffee machine that suits your needs and budget. If you are looking for a quick brewing time-saving option with customisable settings and programmable features, then an electric drip coffee maker would be the best fit for you.

These machines are easy to use, come with various cup capacities and produce delicious coffee for a reasonable cost. If you value tradition and want to reduce your environmental footprint while enjoying great-tasting coffee, then non-electric vintage or percolator coffee makers will surely appeal to you.

These brewing machines have been around for centuries and have stood the test of time. They produce quality gourmet beverages with minimal effort without electricity.

Moreover, there are various budget-friendly options available that cater to all kinds of consumers’ needs. If you’re looking for fast brews or require dishwasher-safe components to save time on cleaning, capsule or single-serve coffee makers might be the best option.

There are several reasons why filter coffee makers have become so popular over the years: they’re efficient, versatile, user-friendly and last but not least – produce amazing tasting artisanal coffees at home! So go ahead – invest in one today!

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